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Writing a patent application is not as difficult as most people may think. If you aspire to be a patent agent or patent attorney, drafting a patent application is one of the essential things that you need to know. This skill can also be beneficial to corporate investors or any severe investor with more than one invention. The following are the various aspects that you need to consider when writing a patent application.

Title of Your invention

You should place the title of your invention at the top of the page containing specifications. Your title should be technically accurate and brief. The title should not include words such as “improved” or “new.” These words are not appropriate, and USPTO might delete them.

Reference to Related Applications

According to rule 1.76, you must include specific reference to other prior applications that you are claiming priority, if you file your patent application after or on September 16, 2012. The rule further states that any application filed before September 16, 2012, specific reference to prior applications should be in either an application data sheet or in the first paragraph of the specification.

Background of the Invention

The background of the invention should be arranged according to the field of invention and a brief description of the related art. The field of the invention describes the field in which your invention pertains. The description of related art shows the state of the applicant’s prior art.

Summary of the Invention

The subject matter of the applicant’s invention should be described in a clear and concise sentence. The summary should show the purpose, operation, and nature of the invention. Your summary should also be consistent.

Description of the Drawings

You should provide a brief description of the illustrations as if you are placing captions on them. It would be best if you also gave a brief under the pictures.


According to 35 U.S.C 112, all patent applicants should show and distinctly claim the subject matter in which they regard their invention.


Patent applicants should also provide an abstract of the disclosure. This allows the reader to determine what is new in the invention. An abstract should not illustrate the merits of the previous art.